If you are the landlord of a commercial property in York, there are countless reasons why you would want to regain the possession of your property, the most common reason is when a tenant violates their rental agreement, such as inadequate maintenance of the York property, constituting a nuisance to other properties around, subleasing the property without your permission, or even owing rents.
The process of regaining possession of your York property which may still be occupied by a tenant is known as 'forfeiture'.
However, forfeiture is only possible if there is a specific clause in the lease, enabling you to do so.
It is therefore necessary for each commercial tenancy in North Yorkshire to include that kind of tenancy since its exclusion would severely restrict the assets' owners' jurisdictions.
Your power to forfeit in York can be enforced via 2 methods:
You as a landlord can take back their properties in Selby, Scarborough, or Bridlington by changing the locks.
The tenant has the right to apply to court in North Yorkshire for relief from forfeiture, so, it can be a little bit risky for you as the tenant will not only take back the possession of the property in York but they will also claim compensation for losses.
This is the typical method used in York, you can use the help of the court and the court will provide you with possession orders, however, this method is lengthy and costly.
The option you opt for depends on the reason for repossession.
You don't have to issue any notice of your plans to forfeit for non-payment of rent in York simply because you can re-enter the property.
It is advised not to give notice of any overdue rent, as doing such an action will give away your right to forfeit the property in the moment in York, and you would need to wait until the next failed payment of rent before you can then forfeit the property again.
You are advised to leave a repossession notice on the door step of the premises in Selby, Bridlington, or Scarborough while in the company of a witness, such as a locksmith or your solicitor.
If you're dealing with other breaches, you cannot take possession of the property in York unless you send the section 146 notice.
All the stakeholders such as the tenant mortgagee and any subtenant in North Yorkshire must be served with the Section 146 notice by your solicitor.
This notice will specify the remedial majors in York or the compensation that needs to be done for breaking any clause.
The landlord can only proceed with the forfeiture of the lease if the breach wasn't remedied at the given time.
If the tenant broke any other lease terms in York, there are other rules as specified by law.
In certain situations, you may be required to provide the tenant in Scarborough, Selby, or Bridlington the chance to claim statutory protection.
If the York tenant decides to do this, which must be done within 28 days of receiving the 146 notice, then the landlord must make a preliminary claim to the court in North Yorkshire before any other actions can progress.
This can be avoided by the landlord if there is a clause in the lease pertaining to the permission to enter the premise in York in order to correct defects in repair and subsequently claim the incurred costs as debt from the occupier.
Forfeiture only starts in the county court in North Yorkshire where the application is made.
The landlord has to fill the standard claim forms which in York can either be done online in some courts.
The claim forms must then be sent to the York occupant, mostly by your lawyer, within a severe timeframe.
As it is a law area that is complicated, you should always take legal advice on this, and errors can slow down your repossession in Scarborough, Bridlington, or Selby and be costly.
The tenant can try to get relief from forfeiture by applying to the North Yorkshire court if certain conditions are met.
This is not an automatic privilege; it is a process where the court will determine the rights and if successful, the tenant may be granted to stay in the premises in York under the current lease agreement.
As soon as the section 146 notice is delivered, the tenant in York needs to make an application to the court because if they delayed the application unnecessarily, they will be penalized.
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